Counter Currents has a series on Wagner, and in this part talks about “suprahumanism”, the idea of creating a new and superior type of human being. They root this artistically in Wagner, and philosophically in Nietzche, but regard it as spreading to all kinds of 20th century thought, in philosophies from Marxism-Leninism to the Objectivism of Ayn Rand.
This is an idea I have had since skimming through Faust, Part II by Goethe. (I couldn’t read it- it’s pretty bad.) The concept of Faust, Part II is that for the man who strives, nothing is forbidden and everything is forgiven. I don’t think Goethe meant this as a justification for mass oppression and murder, but this is what it eventually came to.
Was Nazism “suprahumanist”? Yes, but not in the same was communism was. Nazism believed the superman resided within the German people, whom Nazism regarded as a naturally heroic people oppressed by outside forces. This is close to Nietzche, who regarded the superman as not ordinary, but a rare individual who could and should be separate from the masses. Basic Romanticism wasn’t really suprahumanist, but simply looked to the common man and what it perceived as his virtues- emotion and spirit- as opposed to the elitist intellectual virtues of the Enlightenment, rationality and science.
Were other nationalist movements- Italian Fascism and Spanish Falangism, in particular, suprahumanist? I would say that while they had certain Romantic elements, no. These movements looked for practical solutions to modern problems without the extremes of either capitalist or communist ideology.
Where the writers of Counter Currents fall short, I think, is that they do not realize that the modern ruling liberal ideology, progressivism, is just as suprahumanist as the ideologies of the early 20th century. It is built on the proposal to create a new human being through education and moral reform. While not based in German Romanticism, it has essentially the same goals as Nazism and communism and offers the same dispensation to he who sets out to transform the world.